Is metabolism really the villain in the whole weight loss saga as so many people think it is? Are most obese people simply victims of their own metabolism and if so why can’t we find a safe medication that will adjust the metabolism to one more like the person with an ideal weight? Do excessively thin people have exceedingly fast metabolisms if the obese person has a slow one?
Studies on Metabolism and Weight
The easiest way to answer these questions is to look into any research and studies done on human metabolism and weight. First let’s look at how to define metabolism. What is it and what affects it?
Human metabolism is a process in the body that converts food into energy and into the products the body needs to live. It is a chemical transformation as enzymes cause reactions within the cells of the body. In fact human metabolism is a very complex process that involves many systems within the body and which is responsible for many different processes and changes in the body.
The process of metabolism combines calories with oxygen to cause the release of the energy that the body has to have to live and function efficiently. Your metabolism is always at work even when you are resting, because when you are resting your metabolism is feeding your breathing, hormone levels, blood circulation and cell growth and repair.
Various things can affect your metabolic rate including your glycemic index, vitamins and exercise. A recent Japanese study showed that foods low on the glycemic index take longer to break down and can stabilize your metabolism and blood sugar. All the patients in the study who ate a low carb, low glycemic index diet reported a lower BMI at the end of the study. Many also no longer needed their diabetic medications.
Another study involved obese women showed that a healthy diet along with regular exercise led to a healthy and balanced metabolism and to a healthy body weight. Those in the study group who did not have low glycemic diets did not have the weight loss.
Vitamins are essential in metabolism doing its job in converting food into energy and in weight loss. If there is a deficiency in any vitamins that can cause the metabolism to work inefficiently or not as it should. This could affect weight gain. The Vitamin B complex is very important in the processes of your metabolism. This converts carbohydrates into sugar and sugar into energy. Without Vitamin B complex your metabolism will not work correctly and blood glucose levels will not be balanced.
Some studies have shown that spicy foods and hot peppers increase metabolism by as much as 20% and for as long as 30 minutes. It is interesting that areas of the world that eat spicy food all the time have much less obesity than the US. Another study in the US showed that male athletes eating red peppers with their high carb diet had higher metabolic rates when resting and when active for about a half hour after eating.
It does appear that metabolism has a role in weight loss or maintenance but it is hard to pin it down exactly. It seems that a higher rate of metabolism does reduce weight but not as much as when combined with exercise and the right combination of foods and vitamins.